In pregnancy, women are prone to dental problems due to increased hormones being produced and circulated to develop their baby. The most common conditions are:
PREGNANCY GINGIVITIS: (Inflammation of the gums)causes the gums to look swollen, red at times, and bleed with a little brushing.
PREGNANCY PERIODONTITIS: (gum disease)This can affect the bones and structure of your teeth.
PREGNANCY TUMORS: A large red lump forms on the inflamed gum, usually as a result of poor oral hygiene care. They can form anytime during pregnancy, this red lump can be removed but they may grow back again during your pregnancy.
It’s important that you maintain a great oral care routine which includes:
Floss daily and do not use toothpicks.
Brushing your teeth at least twice daily (every morning and night) with a fluoride-based toothpaste.
Ideally, you should use a medium bristle toothbrush (you can use a soft bristle brush if you can’t tolerate the medium brush).
Have regular dental checkups and inform the dentist you are pregnant. Some non-emergency treatments can be scheduled after you have delivered.
Avoid over-the-counter medication and do not take TETRACYCLINE in pregnancy. Tetracycline causes teeth staining in your unborn child and does not manifest till your baby is in his teens.
Limit sugary foods and drinks. If you must consume sugary drinks, have it with a meal. Avoid sipping on sugary drinks over a long period of time.
If you are vomiting in pregnancy, don’t brush your teeth immediately after an episode of vomiting. Rinse your mouth with plain water and brush your teeth 30-60 minutes later.
Don't forget to keep regular dental checkup appointments with your dentist.